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书面表达讲解与训练——如何写好人物简介       
书面表达讲解与训练——如何写好人物简介
[ 作者:佚名 | 转贴自:转贴 | 点击数:3537 | 更新时间:2006-2-18 | 文章录入:启明星 ]

. 教学内容:

       英语写作……怎样写人物简介

 

. 重点、难点:

(一)人物简介的写作步骤

  1. Birthday and birth place

  2. Family background

  3. Education

  4. Big events in his or her life ( in order of time )

  5. Evaluation

 

(二)人物简介写作中常用的词组及句子

  1. Birthday and birth place ——was / were born onin ,

  2. Family background ——

       1) a poor / rich family

       2) his (her) family was so poor that……,

       3) with the help of his parents ,

       4) his father was very strict with him……,

       5) the son of a poor family ,

       6) when he was a small boy ,

       7) as a child ,

       8) during his (her) childhood ,

       9) spend his childhood in……,

       10) live a happy (hard ) life ,

       11) a boy of 15

  3. Education——

       1) graduate from……department of ……university ,

       2) When at college , he majored in……,

       3) receive a doctor’s degree .

       4) get higher education

       5) go abroad for further studies

  4. Big events in his life——

       1) be interested in ,  2) work hard at , 3) devote his lifetime to , 4) do research about / into 5) make a big decision . make up one’s mind to do sth. 6) do sth with great determination and perseverance . 7) be fond of , 8) be strict in sth. 9) have a way of doing sth. 10) try one’s best to do sth. 11) encourage sb to do sth. 12) fight for , give up one’s life for sb / sth. 13) win a prize in competition . 14) be good at . 15) make rapid progress in , 16) set a new world record of 17) become a member of   18) study hard . train hard . 19) win a gold medal . 20) work so hard as to improve 21) have a gift for

  5. Evaluation——

       1) one of the best (most important)   2) set sb a good example .  3) a model teacher . 4) be respected by everyone . 5) sing high praise for speak (think) highly of 6) his hard work brought him great success . 7) his heroic story spread all over the city . 8) remember sb forever . 9) be honored as 10) be famous as , 11) be regarded as , 12) become a world champion at Championships . 13) He became famous for his new theory . 14) The people had come to love him as an inspiring leader . 15) Lei Feng has been praised for his communist spirit . 16) People spoke highly of him and all respected him .

  6. 高考中描写人常用表达方式

       1)介词人物的姓名、出身

       She was born in Poland on Nov. 7 , 1867 .

       (她于1867117出生于波兰。)

       a great scientist with the name Einstein

       (一个叫爱因斯坦的伟大科学家)

       Abraham Lincoln , the son of a poor family , was born in Kentucky on February 12 , 1809 .

       (亚伯拉汗·林肯,一个贫苦家庭的儿子,于1809212出生于肯他基州。)

       Born of a poor clerk’s family . Charles Dickens had little schooling .

       (出生在一个贫困的小职员家庭中,查儿斯·狄更生接受了很少学校教育)

       2)描述人物外貌和性格特征的常用词语

       good - looking (长得好看的)                funny - looking  (长相滑稽的)

       ugly - looking (长得难看的)                 ordinary looking (长相一般的)

       white - haired (白头发的)                            warm - hearted (热心肠的)

       kind - hearted(好心的)                          absent - minded (心不在焉的)

       bad - tempered (脾气不好的)                near - sighted  (近视眼的)

       far - sighted (远视的)                           tall (个高的)

       short (个矮的)                                     pretty (漂亮的)

       naughty (淘气的)                                 lovely (可爱的)

       easy - going (温和宽容的)                    smart (精明的)

       wise (明智的)                                     bright (聪明的)

       diligent (勤奋的)                                  lazy (懒惰的)

       clever (聪明的)                                          healthy (健康的)

       humorous (幽默的)                              funny (滑稽的)

       silent (沉默的)                                     attractive (有吸引力的)

       talkative (多话的)

       3)表达人物兴趣和爱好的常用词组或短语

       like very much (非常喜欢…)          love (喜爱)

       be interested in (对…感兴趣)

       be fond of (喜欢…)

       hate (憎恨)

       be tired of (对…厌倦)

       be crazy about (对…极度喜欢)

       enjoy (喜欢…)

       lose interest in (对…失去兴趣)

       4)描述人物心情的常用词语:

       sad (难过的)                  happy (高兴的)

       excited (兴奋的)             pleased (高兴的)

       satisfied (满意的)           angry (生气的)

       worried (担心的)            disappointed (失望的)

       terrified (恐惧的)            friendly (友好的)

       anxious (焦虑的)            curious (好奇的)

       eager (急切的)

 

(三)实例分析

  1. 说明:

       上海出版的《学生英文报》,对象是我国的学生,请用英语为该报写一段人物介绍,介绍少年体育明星孙淑伟。内容要点如下:

       1)简况:孙淑伟(Sun Shuwei):男,14岁,广东人(Guangdong

       2)训练项目:跳水(diving

       3)取得成绩:第十一届亚运会冠军,第六届世界游泳锦标赛冠军(亚运会:the Asia Games  冠军:Champion  游泳锦标赛:Swimming Championships

       4)其他情况:从小就喜欢游泳,8岁进广东省跳水队;在学校里认真学习,在跳水队时认真训练,13岁进入国家队,一年后(1990)夺得十一届亚运会金牌;今年年初获第六届游泳锦标赛冠军。

       注意:

       1)要有标题。

       2)介绍须包括所有内容要点,但不要逐条译成英语。

       3)介绍的长度为80~120个词。

  2. 题解:

       这是一篇人物报道,根据所提供的材料组织文章。首先应确定标题。如:Sun Shuwei - A World Champion in Diving . 其次应介绍人物的姓名、性别、年龄、籍贯,随后介绍他的成长过程,最后介绍他取得的成就。

  3. 91高考书面表达范文:

Sun Shuwei - A World Champion in Diving

       Sun Shuwei , a world champion in diving , is a boy of 14 from Guangdong . He loved swimming when he was a small boy and at eight he became a member of the diving team in Guangdong Province . He studied hard at school and trained hard for five years before he came to the national team . A year later in 1990 , he won a gold medal at the 11th Asia Games and became a world champion at the 6th world Swimming Championships early this years .

      

【模拟试题】

  1. 请根据以下材料,写一篇介绍我国明代(Ming Dynasty)著名医学家(medical scientist)李时珍的文章。

       姓名:李时珍

       出生年代:1518

       著作:《本草纲目》

       内容:中草药(Chinese herbs)总集,近2,000种中草药,上百万字(characters

       写作经历:访民间,走群山,尝百草,亲身作试验

       call on , visit , taste , do experiments

       成书时间:1578年,历时37

       评价:对我国医学(medicine)发展作出了重大贡献(make a contribution to

  2. 有一个美国代表团想了解你们的英语老师,请根据下列提要,写一篇短文。内容提要如下:

       1)这位英语老师名叫Bruce,是位英国人,40岁左右,又高又瘦,戴着一副眼镜;

       2)对学生要求严格,认真备课,认真批改作业;

       3)教学方法不同于别人,鼓励学生思考,培养学生自学能力;

       4)和学生打成一片,和蔼可亲,深受学生的爱戴和尊敬。

       要求:

       1)要有标题;

       2)介绍必须包括所给要点,但不要逐条译成英语;

       3)词数110左右。

  3. 根据下列内容,用英语写一篇介绍世界著名童话作家安徒生(Hans Christian Anderson)的短文。词数120左右。

       他生于1805年。十一岁丧父。由于家庭贫穷,童年时期没能上学,他跟人学习缝纫技术。十四岁时到一剧院工作。后来在一些热心人家的帮助下上了学。1828年接受高等教育(higher education)。毕业后献身于文学(literature)。他坚持写小说,诗歌等。他努力创作,获得很大成功。他一生共创作一百六十多个故事。1875年去世。

 

 


【试题答案】

  1. 介绍李时珍

      Li Shizhen was a famous medical scientist in Ming Dynasty . He was born in 1518 . He wrote a famous book “Ben Cao Gang Mu” , which is a collection of Chinese herbs . It included 2000 Chinese herbs with millions of characters . He visited mountains , called on ordinary people , tasted different kinds of herbs and even did experiments on himself . It took him 37 years to finish the book . The book is considered to be a great contribution to the development of Chinese medicine .

  2. 介绍Bruce

Our English Teacher - Bruce

       Bruce , our English teacher , is from England and is about 40 years old . He is tall and thin with a pair of glasses on his nose . He is strict with us in our study . He prepares his lessons well and corrects our homework carefully . His teaching style is quite different from that of the others . In class he always encourages us to think hard and develop our ability to study on our own . He often helps and cares for us . He is very kind to us . In his spare time he plays basketball and football with us . We all love and respect him .

  3. 介绍Anderson

       Anderson was born in 1805 . His father died when he was only eleven . Being poor , the family couldn’t send him to school . He had to go and learn sewing to make a living . At the age of fourteen , he went to work at a theatre . Later , with the help of some kind people , Anderson had the chance to go to school . In 1828 , he began his college life . After graduation he began to work on literature . He kept on writing stories and poems . His hard work brought him great success . He died in 1875 , leaving the world more than 160 stories .

 

 

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