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[ 作者:佚名 | 转贴自:互联网 | 点击数:988 | 更新时间:2013-8-9 | 文章录入:启明星 ]

Ever experienced that moment after you press send and reread your email only to realize you've let some typos sneak in? Avoid that icky feeling from here on out by being hyper aware of some of the most common missteps. Whether you're applying for a job (don't forget to triple check that cover letter!) or sending emails to the boss, you don't want to look unprofessional by making mistakes that can easily be avoided. Here are some words you're bound to use in the working world and how to master them.


Misspellings to keep in mind


Amateur: The vowels at the end can get tricky, but pretend you are texting an Australian friend and say, "a mate u r."

Amateur:这个词末尾的元音颇具欺骗性,不过你可以想象你在和一个澳洲朋友发信息,“a mate u r”(你是个好伙计)。

Definitely: Just think of the word "definite" and add an -ly to the end. Never put an "A" in definitely.


Referred: Some people spell it refferred or refered, but remember it as a combination of two words: refer + red.


Separate: Not spelled "seperate," separate will be easy to write out if you think of a grade-school trick — there is always "a rat" in the word.

Separate:不要按照发音而拼成“seperate”,如果你在拼写时想到这个词里始终有“a rat”,就很容易把它拼对了。

Occurrence: Ditch the singles and double up on the first two consonants for this one. Pretty soon it will become a regular occurrence.


Common Mix-Ups


Affect vs effect: This one is tricky because just one letter can throw you off. Typically, "affect" is a verb and "effect" is a noun. If you can substitute a verb for affect, then you'll know that you're using it right (I was affected by the merger; I was surprised by the merger).

Affect和Effect:这两个词很容易混淆,因为只有一个字母的区别。通常来说,“affect”是一个动词而“effect”是一个名词。假如你换一个词来代替affect,你就会知道你是否把它用对了(I was affected by the merger; I was surprised by the merger 我对这次收购惊呆了)。

Loose vs. lose: Saying these words out loud will help you distinguish the two. "Loose" means not tight (The letter on my keyboard is loose). "Lose" is the opposite of win (We will lose this client if we don't pay him more attention).

Loose和Lose:大声喊出这两个词能帮助你把它们区别开来。“loose”的意思是不紧(The letter on my keyboard is loose 我键盘上的这个按键很松)。“lose”是win的反义词(We will lose this client if we don't pay him more attention 如果我们不多关注这位客户我们就会失去他)。

You're vs. your: Although you probably learned this one in grade school, it's easy to type one word when you really mean the other. "You're" is shorthand for "you are." The word "your" indicates possession (You're not going to believe how much they loved your presentation).

You're和Your:虽然你可能小学就学过这两个词了,但你还是很有可能会把它们拼错。“you're”是“you are”的缩写。而“your”是所有格。(You're not going to believe how much they loved your presentation 你不会相信他们有多喜欢你的演讲)。

Who vs. whom: Even a grammar wiz can get these two confused from time to time. But if you can switch the sentence around so that you use the word "him" as opposed to "he," then "whom" is the way to go. For example, instead of saying, "Sam is the guy whom we interviewed for the position," you could say "We interviewed him for the position." But in reversing the sentence "Sam is the guy who got the job," you would say, "He is the guy who got the job."

Who和Whom:就算是语法大师也很容易把这两个词搞混。不过要是你能想一想同一句话用“him”和“he”会怎么表述,你就很容易就能去区别出这两个词了。比如说,“Sam is the guy whom we interviewed for the position Sam是我们为这个职位面试过的人”这句话你也可以说成“We interviewed him for the position 我们为这个职位面试了他”。然而“Sam is the guy who got the job Sam是获得这个职位的人”这句话则会表述为“He is the guy who got the job 他是获得这个职位的人”。

Its vs. it's: "It's" is a contraction for "it is" or "it has," whereas "its" signals possession. Actually saying "it is" aloud will remind you of the difference.

Its和It's:“it's”是“it is”或“it has”的缩写,而“its”是所有格。实际上大声念出“it is”能够帮助你记住他们的区别。

Every day vs. everyday: They key here is to know that "everyday" is an adjective, and "every day" is a phrase. If you can replace "every" with "each," then what you mean to use is the two-word phrase.

Ever day和Everyday:关键在于要知道“everyday”是一个形容词,而“every day”是一个词组。假如你可以用“each”来代替“every”,你就会知道你应该用的是那个两个字母组成的词组。

Than vs. then: These two words are easy to confuse because they sound almost identical. But remember that "than" is used to compare something (I think this partnership is a better bet than the other), while "then" is used for time (First we called her, then we followed up with an email).

Than和Then:这两个词很容易搞混,因为他们听起来简直一模一样。但你要记住“than”是用来比较某些东西的(I think this partnership is a better bet than the other 我认为这个合作伙伴比另一个好),而“then”是用来表示时间的(First we called her, then we followed up with an email 我们先给她打了个电话,但后来通过email交流)。

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