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高考语法专练:时态和语态50题       
高考语法专练:时态和语态50题
[ 作者:佚名 | 转贴自:互联网 | 点击数:2014 | 更新时间:2011-11-5 | 文章录入:启明星 ]

 

 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
1. --- Oh, dear. I forgot the air tickets.
   --- You ______ something.
   A. have left                     B. are always leaving 
   C. are leaving                   D. always left
2. --- I ______ so busily recently that I ______ no time to help you with your math.
   --- That’s OK. I can manage it by myself.
  A. have been working; have
   B. have worked; had
   C. am working; will have
   D. had been working; had had
3. Remember to send me a photo of us next time you ______ to me.
   A. are writing               B. will write  
   C. has written               D. write
4. He ______ at the meeting, but his heart attack prevented him.
   A. will speak                B. is going to speak 
   C. had to speak              D. was going to speak
5. --- I beg your pardon, but I didn’t quite catch you.
  --- Oh, I ______ myself.
   A. am talking to             B. talked about
   C. have talked to            D. was talking to
6. I ______ ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the New Year.
  A. will play                 B. have played 
   C. played                    D. play
7. I first met Tom 10 years ago. He ______ in a radio factory at that time.
   A. had worked                B. has worked
   C. was working               D. has been working
8. --- What ______ when I phoned you?
   --- I ______ my work, and I wanted to go out.
   A. have you done; finished
   B. were you doing; have finished
   C. did you do; had just finished  
   D. were you doing; had just finished
9. --- Have you finished the report?
   --- No. I ______ it all this week.
   A. will do                  B. had done
 
   C. have done                D. have been doing
10. I can guess you were in a hurry. You ______ your sweater inside out.
    A. had worn                B. wore
    C. were wearing            D. are wearing
11. --- We ______ that you would fix the TV set this week.
    --- I’m sorry. I ______ to fix it this week, but I’ve been too busy.
    A. had expected; had intended    
    B. are expecting; had intended
    C. expect; intend       
    D. expected; intend
12. --- Why? Tom, your shirt is so dirty!
    --- Mum, I ______ my storeroom downstairs.
    A. cleaned                   B. have cleaned
    C. was cleaning              D. have been cleaning
13. They won’t buy new clothes because they ______ money to buy a new house.
    A. save                      B. are saving
    C. have saved                D. were saving
14. The traffic in our city is already good and it ______ even better.
   A. gets          B. got           C. has got        D. is getting
15. --- I will come to attend your lecture at 10:00 tomorrow.
    --- I’m sorry, by then my lecture will have ended and I ______ my guests in my office.
    A. is being met              B. will meet
    C. will be meeting           D. will have met
16. --- Alice came back home the day before yesterday.
    --- Really? Where ______?
    A. has she been              B. had she been
    C. has she gone              D. had she gone
17. I know Mr. Brown; we ______ to each other at an international conference.
    A. are introduced            B. are been introduced
    C. were introduced           D. had been introduced
18. --- Where do you think ______ he ______ the computer?
    --- Sorry. I have no idea.
    A. has; bought               B. 不填; bought
    C. did; buy                  D. 不填; buys
19. Don’t bother to look for my dictionary --- it ______ some day.
    A. turns up                  B. has turned up
   C. will turn up              D. is going to turn up
20. --- What do you think of this kind of TV set, which ______ in Shanghai?
    --- Well, I don’t care about such things.
    A. was made                  B. is made
    C. has been made             D. had been made
21. --- Did he notice you enter the room?
    --- I don’t think so. He ______ to the radio with his eyes shut.
    A. listened                 B. was listening
    C. has listened             D. had listened
22. The plane ______ at 7:00 pm, so I have to be at the airport by 6:40 at the latest.
    A. has left                 B. would leave
    C. will have left           D. leaves
23. The train ______ at the present speed until it reaches the foot of the mountain at about nine o’clock tonight.
    A. went         B. is going         C. goes       D. will be going
24. I used to drink a lot of tea but these days I ______ coffee.
    A. prefer                  B. preferred
    C. had preferred           D. am preferring
25. The vegetables didn’t taste very good. They ______ too long.
    A. had been cooked         B. were cooked
    C. have cooked             D. cooked
26. --- Remember the first time we met, Jim?
    --- Of course I do. You ______ in the library.
    A. were reading            B. had read
    C. have read               D. read
27. I want to buy that kind of cloth because I ______ the cloth ______ well.
    A. have told; washes        
    B. have been told; washes
    C. was told; washed         
    D. have been told; is washed
28. --- Is Tom still smoking?
    --- No. By next Saturday he ______ for a whole month without smoking a single cigarette.
    A. will be                  B. will have gone
    C. will have been           D. has been going
29. --- ______ Betty this morning?
    --- Not yet, but she is sure to be here before noon.
    A. Have you seen            B. Will you see
    C. Do you see               D. Did you see?
30. Jim talked for about half an hour yesterday. Never ______ him talk so much.
    A. I heard                  B. did I hear
    C. I had heard              D. had I heard
31. --- Look at the black clouds. It ______ soon.
    --- Sure. If only we ______ out.
    A. is raining; didn’t come
    B. is to rain; won’t start
    C. will rain; haven’t started
    D. is going to rain; hadn’t come
32. He ______ articles for our wall-newspaper these three years, and he ______ about forty articles.
    A. has been writing; has written
    B. has been writing; wrote
    C. is writing; has been writing
    D. has written; has written
33. She ______ to the office than she got down to writing the report.
    A. has no sooner got         B. had hardly got
    C. no sooner got             D. had no sooner got
34. When he was alive, the old scientist used to say that knowledge ______ from practice and he gained his experience by doing a lot of practical work.
    A. was coming               B. had come
    C. comes                    D. would come
35. --- Don’t forget to bring my new books tomorrow afternoon.
    --- No, I ______.
    A. don’t        B. do           C. won’t          D. will
36. I decided to go to the library as soon as I ______.
   A. finished what I was doing  
    B. finished what I did
   C. would finish what I was doing  
    D. finish what I did
37. You won’t know whether the coat fits you until you ______ it on.
   A. will try                 B. have tried   
    C. tried                    D. are trying
38. My dictionary ______. I have looked for it everywhere but still ______it.
    A. has lost; don’t find      
    B. is missing; don’t find
    C. has lost; haven’t found  
    D. is missing; haven’t found
39. ______ it with me and I’ll see what I can do.
   A. When left                  B. Leaving    
    C. If you leave               D. Leave
40. --- How are you planning to travel to Shanghai?
   --- I ______ yet, but I ______ taking a train.
   A. didn’t decide; am considering   
    B. haven’t decided; consider
   C. haven’t decided; am considering    
    D. hadn’t decided; have considered
41. --- Excuse me, sir. Would you do me a favour?
    --- Of course. What is it?
   --- I ______ if you could take me to the station.
   A. would wonder               B. did wonder     
   C. was wondering              D. had wondered
42. --- Got your driving license?
    --- No. I ______ too busy to have enough practice, so I didn’t take the driving test last week. I’m going to next week.
    A. was        B. have been      C. am          D. had been
43. With the development of science, more new technology ______ to the field of IT.
    A. has introduced           B. is being introduced
   C. is introduced            D. was introduced
44. --- Who’s the man over there?
   --- It’s Jack.
   --- Oh? ______ in Italy.
    A. I think he’s  
    B. I’ve thought he’s been
    C. I thought he was
    D. I’d thought he’d been
45. --- I dropped in at your house at about ten last night, but you weren’t in.
    --- I ______ regular exercises at the club.
   A. did        B. was doing      C. had done    D. have been doing
46. --- Each of the students, working hard at their lessons, ______ the book.
    --- So have I.
    A. is reading       B. has read        C. reading       D. reads
47. The baby is generally healthy, but every now and then he ______ a cold.
    A. has caught               B. is catching
    C. will catch               D. does catch
48. It is when the plane ______ that you’d better find out at the booking office.
    A. would take off           B. had taken off
    C. was taking off           D. is taking off
49. --- I’m sorry, but there’s no smoking on this flight.
    --- Oh, I ______ that. Sorry, I won’t again.
    A. don’t know             B. didn’t know
    C. won’t know             D. haven’t known
50. I thought Jim would say something about his school report, but he ______ it.
   A. doesn’t mention             B. hadn’t mentioned
    C. didn’t mention              D. hasn’t mentioned

答案及部分解析:
1-5 BADDD          6-10 DCDDD       11-15 ADBDC        16-20 BCBCB
21-25 BDDAA       26-30 ABBAD       31-35 DADCC        36-40 ABDDC  
41-45 CDBCB       46-50 BDDBC   
1. 进行时态与always, all the time等连用,表示习惯性行为,且带有浓厚的感情色彩。此处可理解为“你总是丢三落四的”。
2. recently常与现在完成时或一般过去时连用。第二空应用一般现在时。
3. next time引导时间状语从句,而且其谓语动词常用一般现在时表示将来。
4. 由题意“他本来打算在会上发言,但……”可知应选D项。
5. Oh, I was talking to myself.意为“噢, 我(刚才)只是在自言自语”。
6. “乒乓球打得好”是一般情况,故用一般现在时。
9. 现在完成进行时可用于表示动作或状态从过去某一时间开始,一直持续到现在,有可能继续延续下去,也可能刚刚结束。本题使用现在完成进行时强调了动作的持续性和未完成性。
10. 此处用现在进行时来解释前面所说的话,意为“我猜你刚才一定很匆忙,毛衫都穿反了”。
11. 由宾语从句中的would fix可断定第一空用had expected(表示“过去本来期望”);第二空用had intended(to do...),表示“过去本来打算(去做……)”。
14. 现在进行时可用于表示动作的渐进过程。又如:Her hair is getting grayer and grayer.她的头发正变得越来越花白。
15. 此空用将来进行时表示将来某一时间正在进行的动作。
16. 此处表示“前天之前艾利斯曾经去哪儿了?”故用过去完成时态。
18. Where do you think _____ he...?为双重疑问句,故第一空不填;第二空为过去发生的动作,故用一般过去时态。
21. He _____ to the radio with his eyes shut.后省略了when I entered the room。此处意为“(当我进入那个房间时,)他正闭着眼睛听收音机”。
22. 按时间表或日程表安排将要发生的事,常用一般现在时表示将来。
23. 题意为“火车将一直以目前的速度行驶直到今晚9点到达山脚下。”
24. 此处prefer意为“宁愿”,是表示人心理状态的动词,不宜用现在进行时态。
27. 某些动词,如:wash, lock, sell, wear, write, read, open, clean等常用一般现在时的主动语态来表示主语(通常是物)的内在品质或属性等。
28. “by+将来某一时间”常与将来完成时态连用。
29. 由答语中的“Not yet”可断定此题应选A。现在完成时态的用法之一是“表示过去某一时间发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果”。
31. 表示“天将下雨”常用It’s going to rain。If only...表示“但愿……”;如果表示与过去的事实相反,句中谓语动词常用过去完 成时态。
33. 在no sooner...than...(刚……就……)句型中,主句常用过去完成时态。
36. 题意为“我决定一完成我眼下正在做的事,就去图书馆”。注意:主句为一般过去时态。
39. 题干为“祈使句+and+并列分句”的句型。
41. 某些动词(如:wonder, hope, think等)常用过去进行时表示委婉的语气。
45. 此处应理解为“你昨晚来我家的时候,我正在俱乐部做常规锻炼。”
46. 由答语中的助动词have可确定此空应用现在完成时态。
47. every now and then意为“有时,偶尔”,应与一般现在时连用。does表示强调。
48. 注意题干为强调句型。take off用进行时态表示将来。

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